Posted in Education

Modul Bahasa Inggris : Expression

MEMUJI BERSAYAP (EXPRESSION)

Bagaimanakah salah satu cara terbaik memulai percakapan dalam bahasa Inggris? Beri pujian! Katakan pada mereka bahwa Anda menyukai sepatu mereka, lalu bisa berlanjut membicarakan toko yang kalian suka kunjungi. Bukan hanya itu, pujian juga membuat orang senang! Bagaimanakah Anda memuji dalam bahasa Inggris? Berfokuslah pada hal positif di empat area berikut ini.

Kinerja

“You did a great job.” Penutur asli bahasa Inggris biasanya senang memberi pujian kepada orang lain atas kerja mereka yang baik. Hal ini bisa berlaku untuk pekerjaan, olahraga, sekolah, hobi – aktifitas apapun yang dilakukan seseorang dengan baik. Sebagai contoh, rekan kerja Anda melakukan presentasi dengan sangat baik, dan Anda tahu dia telah bekerja keras untuk presentasi tersebut. Anda bisa bilang, “You did a great job on the presentation.” Atau, “I liked the way you gave the presentation.” Apapun situasinya, cara termudah memuji kinerja seseorang adalah dengan menyatakan bahwa orang tersebut telah melakukannya dengan baik: “You played a great game today.” “You wrote a clear report.” “Your speech was excellent.”

Penampilan

Sangat wajar untuk memuji rambut atau pakaian seseorang. Mulai pujian tersebut dengan b>I like atau I love. Misalnya, jika seseorang baru potong rambut, Anda bisa bilang “I like your haircut.” Atau, “I love your hair today,” jika mereka menata rambutnya dengan berbeda. Anda juga bisa memberi pujian tentang pakaian mereka dengan cara yang sama: “I like your skirt.” Cara yang bagus untuk melanjutkan pembicaraan adalah dengan bertanya “Where did you get it?”

Tapi hati-hati dengan pujian tentang penampilan. Jika seseorang terlihat cantik sekali hari itu, Anda bisa memujinya dengan pernyataan umum: “You look great today!” Tapi jangan memberikan pujian mengenai tubuh seseorang. Jangan katakan “I like your nose,” kecuali Anda sudah benar-benar mengenal mereka dengan baik.

Kepemilikan

Penutur asli bahasa Inggris sering saling memuji atas barang-barang yang mereka miliki. Misalnya, jika seorang rekan kerja datang ke kantor dengan telpon selular baru, Anda dapat mengatakan, “What a cool phone!” Atau jika Anda diundang ke rumah seseorang, sebaiknya Anda memuji aspek tertentu yang Anda sukai. Anda dapat membuat pernyataan umum seperti: “You have a beautiful home.” Atau coba lebih rinci lagi: “I love this couch.”

 

Kualitas

Puji sesorang akan kualitas mereka, Anda bisa mendapatkan teman baru! Misalnya, jika Anda senang rekan Anda selalu terlihat gembira, maka katakan kepada mereka. Bilang, “You are always so happy. It makes my day better!” Pujian ini dapat digunakan untuk kualitas apapun yang Anda hargai dari seseorang. Mungkin Anda sangat menyukai rekan Anda yang sangat rapi dan teratur. Katakan, “I really appreciate how organized you are. I hope to be more organized, too.”

Giving and responding to compliments (Memberi dan menanggapi suatu pujian)

Giving complimentsComments intended response to the work of someone whose only objective was to describe or explain the work of the person. The work referred to here is the work of information, including news, stories, articles, speeches, issues, and so on.

To comment on the issue is not only the origin. Comments can only be delivered if the full information obtained from this problem. Not only that, comments can be submitted only when a logical reason to have a taste or in reason.

If seen from the way penyampainnya, comments were divided two kinds, namely verbal comments and comments in writing. Examples of written comments is often seen on the internet. On the internet media works someone who can not do comments, either orally, in writing only. Later examples of verbal commentary that is often seen is on campus. Students comment on what the faculty, students commented that the group made a presentation to the class, and so on.

How to respond to existing problems procedures. Comments made politely so as not to offend the people who commented. Feedback or comments are also presented logically and with good reason.

If the views of its kind, the kind of divided into 3 types of comments, such as:

Praise, praise is something the recognition of one’s advantage or benefit of a work. Praise is an appreciation of the worshipers who is credited for his work. Usually this is followed by a word of praise, incredible, wow, etc.

Saran, Saran is the opinion of one of the works created by someone. Provide suggestions on the proposed suggestion of someone who should be considered or reconsidered. Usually followed by the words must, must, etc.

GIVING COMPLIMENTS

            Everyone likes to hear compliments. Compliments make people feel good about themselves, and we all need that at times. Hotel guests and staff are no exceptions. Guests may give hotel staff compliments for the quality of their service, for their English ability, for their appearance in an unique uniform, or for doing something a little extra for the guest.

A hotel staff may give a guest a compliment about how they look in a newly purchased outfit, or for their patience when a problem arises, or for a beautiful new hair style after visiting a beauty parlor. Look at the expressions below that can be used when giving and responding to compliments.

Expression Of Giving Compaliment

Giving Complaiments

—That’s a very nice …(dress).

—Great job on the …(presentation).

—You look very good in … (that new hair-do).

—This dish is delicious, my compliments to the chef.

—That … (tie) looks great on you.

Responses to compliments

—How kind of you to say so.

—Thank you.

—I’m glad you like it.

—It was nothing really. (an expression of modesty and humility)

Learn the expressions used for giving compliments to others. Practice by saying them loudly.

—Your performance on the stage is amazing.

—How wonderful to listen to  your  great voice.

—How mar vellous .

—Great ! (You look great) / Great for  you.

—Terrific ! (Hey, that’s terrific !)

—Fantastic!

—Smashing.

—That’s really remarkable /well  done.

Now, learn the expressions  use for responding to compliments.

—It’s very kind of you to say so.

—Thank you.

—I can say how pleased (delighted) I am.

—I’m delighted  to hear  that.

—Thank for your compliment.

Dialogue

Staff: What a beautiful dress, Mrs. Elliot.

Guest: Thanks, I’m glad you like it.

Staff: Your new hair-do looks absolutely gorgeous, Mrs. Simpson.

Guest: How kind of you to say so.

Guest: My compliments to the chef. This linguine is superb.

Staff: Thank you ma’am. I’ll be sure to let the chef know.

Guest: Your English is very good.

Staff: Thank you very much.

Staff: Excellent game Mr. Johnson. You really gave me a workout.

Guest: Thanks, I guess all those private lessons are finally paying off.

Guest: I really appreciate all the extra work you did on helping us solve that problem. It truly went above and beyond. My compliments to your work ethic.

Staff: Thank you sir, how kind of you to say so.

CONGRATULATION

Congratulation atau ucapan selamat adalah ucapan atau ungkapan yang diberikan kepada orang yang sedang mendapatkan atau mengalami sesuatu (mendapat kebahagiaan). Dalan hal ini tidak terbatas pada mendapatkan jabatan, barang baru saja, tetapi juga termasuk saat seseorang sedang merayakan sesuatu. Ex: sedang merayakan hari besar.

Contoh ucapan selamat dalam bahasa Inggris (Congratulation):

BAHASA INGGRIS

BAHASA INDONESIA

Happy Ied day! Selamat hari raya idul fitri!
Merry Christmas! Selamat hari natal!
Happy new year ! Selamat tahun baru!
Happy feast day ! Selamat hari ramadhan!
Happy anniversary ! Selamat ulang tahun !
Happy birthday! Selamat ulang tahun !
Have a nice sleep! Selamat tidur!
Have a nice dream! Semoga mimpi indah!
Sleep tight! Selamat tidur lelap!
Have a good trip! Selamat berbahagia!
Congratulation! Selamat!
Congratulations on passing your exam! Selamat atas lulusnya ujian anda!
Congratulations on getting a scholarship! Selamat mendapat beasiswa!
Congratulations on your engagement! Selamat bertunangan!
Congratulations on your success! Selamat atas kesuksesan anda!
Congratulations on the birth of your son! Selamat atas lahirnya anak anda!
Congratulations on your promotion ! Selamat atas kenaikan pangkat anda!
Congratulations on getting a new job! Selamat mendapat kerja baru!
Congratulations to you! Saya ucapkan selamat ke[ada anda!
Congratulations on your getting title Selamat atas gelar anda!
I convey my congratulations to you! Saya ucapkan selamat kepada anda!
My heartiest congratulations to you! Ucapan selamatku yang mendalam untukmu!
Congratulations on your appointment as a main director! Selamat atas dipilihnya anda menjadi direktur utama!

 

PERHATIAN (CARE)

A.Pernikahan

Jika dua teman Anda memutuskan untuk tie the knot dan menikah, ini adalah merupakan suatu peristiwa yang berbahagia! Pastikan Anda mengucapkan “Congratulations!” bagi kedua mempelai. Baik saat Anda menghadiri pesta pernikahan atau menulis kartu ucapan, Anda dapat menambahkan, “I wish you the best of happiness in the years to come.”

B.Ulang tahun

Biasanya pada acara ini, sekadar “Happy Birthday!” saja sudah cukup. Sangat umum untuk bertanya kepada yang sedang berulang tahun apakah mereka berencana untuk merayakan ulang tahun mereka: “Are you doing anything special to celebrate?” Ingatlah dalam kebudayaan Barat, Andalah yang mengajak teman yang sedang berulang tahun bersenang-senang di luar – bukan sebaliknya. Juga, hindari menanyakan usia, sebab beberapa orang menganggapnya kurang sopan.

C.Kelahiran seorang putra/putri

Jika bundle of joy baru lahir di dunia ini, ucapkan “Congratulations!” kepada sang orang tua. Jika Anda belum tahu jenis kelamin bayi tersebut, ikuti dengan pertanyaan, “Is it a boy or a girl?” Jika mereka menunjukkan foto, pastikan untuk mengatakan, “She’s adorable!”, “He’s so cute!” atau “She takes after her mother!”

D.Menderita sakit

Jika Anda merasa sedang sakit, selalu menyenangkan untuk mendengar kata-kata tulus “How are you feeling?” Kalimat seperti “Take care of yourself”, “Get well soon!” atau “I hope you feel better soon!” juga sangat patut untuk penyakit yang tidak begitu parah. Jika situasinya lebih serius, Anda mungkin bisa berkata, “My thoughts and prayers are with you.”

E.Kehilangan

Jika seseorang yang Anda kenal mengalami kehilangan orang tercinta, mereka pasti akan mengalami kesedihan yang mendalam. Dalam suasana seperti ini, kata-kata “I’m so sorry to hear about the loss of your loved one (father/mother/brother, etc.)” sangat tepat untuk Anda ucapkan. Anda dapat menambahkan, “If there is anything I can do for you, let me know.”

 

FUTURE TENSES

Simple Future Tense atau Present Future Tense adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau kegiatan yang akan terjadi dimasa akan datang.

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Future Tense

Mengekspresikan kalimat Simple Future Tense yang menggunakan kata kerja (VERB)

+

Subject + WILL / SHALL + Verb 1 + Object

Subject + WILL / SHALL + NOT + Verb 1 + Object

?

WILL / SHALL + Subject + Verb 1 + Object ?

?

Question Word + WILL / SHALL + Subject + Verb 1 ?

Contoh :

+

She will go to Paris tomorrow.

She will not (won’t) go to Paris tomorrow.

?

Will she go to Paris tomorrow ?

Jawaban: Yes She will, atau She, will not (won’t)

?

When will she go to Paris?

Who will come here?

Mengekspresikan kalimat Simple Future Tense yang tidak menggunakan kata kerja (NON VERB)

+

Subject + WILL / SHALL + be + Non Verb + Object

Subject + WILL / SHALL + NOT + be + Non Verb + Object

?

WILL / SHALL + Subject + be + Non Verb + Object ?

?

Question Word + WILL/SHALL + Subject + be + Non Verb + Object ?

Contoh :

+

He will be alone tomorrow.

He will not (won’t) be alone tomorrow.

?

Will he be alone tomorrow?

Jawaban: Yes he will, atau No, she will not (won’t)

?

When will he be in Las Vegas?

Why will you be here tomorrow night?

Menggunakan “To Be Going To”

Pola kalimat verbal Simple Future Tense dapat diganti dengan kalimat yang menggunakan to be + going to untuk menggantikan shall dan will.

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat menggunakan “To Be Going To”

+

Subject + To be + going to + Verb 1 + Object

Subject + To be + Not + going to + Verb 1 + Object

?

To be + Subject + going to + Verb 1 + Object ?

?

Question Word + To be + Subject + going to + verb 1 +?

Contoh :

+

I am going to read a newspaper tomorrow.

I am not going to read a newspaper tomorrow.

?

Are you going to read a newspaper tomorrow?

 ?

What are you going to read?

Who is going to come here tomorrow?

Untuk informasi selengkapnya, silahkan baca juga mengenai fungsi dan penggunaan Will and To Be Going To, semoga bermanfaat.

Keterangan waktu untuk Simple Future Tense yang digunakan adalah: 

tomorrow morning, tomorrow night, next week, next year and so on.

Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja sederhana untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi dimasa lampau. Pada simple past tense, waktu kejadian (yesterday, last two days, last year) atau periode waktunya (for two months, for a day, for an hour) dapat disebutkan secara spesifik. Adapun simple past tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk if conditional tipe 2.

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense dibentuk dari verb-2 (past tense) atau linking verb “be” (was, were). Apa itu verb-2? Verb-2 merupakan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) dengan tambahan -ed-en-d-t-n, atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang tidak konsisten pada irregular verb. [Baca juga: Regular dan Irregular Verb]

Dengan demikian rumus simple past tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Jenis Kalimat

Rumus

Contoh Simple Past Tense
positif
(+)
S + Verb-2 (past tense)
S + be(was/were)
The teacher came
I was a stamp collector
negatif
(-)
S + did + not + bare infinitive
S + be(was/were) + not
The teacher didn’t come
I wasn’t a stamp collector
interogatif
(?)
Did + S + bare infinitive
be(was/were) + S
Did the teacher come
Was I a stamp collector

Contoh Simple Past Tense

Beberapa contoh kalimat simple past tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut.

Fungsi

Contoh kalimat Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang terjadi dengan durasi waktu tertentu di masa lampau. For (preposition) dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan periode waktu kejadian. Vina and I went to the Ragunan zoo three months ago.
(Saya dan Vina pergi Ragunan tiga bulan lalu.)
Did he come on time yesterday?
(Apakah dia datang tepat waktu kemarin?)
The party started at 10.00 a.m.
(Pesta mulai jam sepuluh pagi.)
Did you sleep enough last night?
(Apa kamu cukup tidur semalam?)
I studied civil engineering for almost 4 years.
(Saya belajar teknik sipil selama hampir 4 tahun.)
Simple past tense untuk membicarakan kebiasaan pada masa lampau. When (subordinate conjunction) biasanya digunakan pada situasi ini. I often did exercise in the gym when I lived in Bandung.
(Saya sering berlatih di gym ketika tinggal di Bandung.)
When I was a senior high school student, I always got up at 4 am to study.
(Ketika saya sma, saya selalu bangun jam 4 pagi untuk belajar.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung. I was reading a journal in the library when someone burped out loud.
(Saya sedang membaca jurnal di perpustakaan ketika seseorang bersendawa keras.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu aksi (simple past tense) langsung mengikuti aksi yang telah selesai (past perfect tense). I had already finished my breakfast when he picked me up.
(Saya telah sarapan ketika dia menjemput.)
Simple past tense digunakan pada if conditional tipe 2. If she studied hard, she would be pass.
(Jika dia belajar keras, dia akan lulus.)
I would buy a sport car if I had much money.
(Saya akan membeli mobil sport jika punya uang banyak.)

CONTOH SOAL SIMPLE  PAST TENSE

  1. I.      Change the verbs in the brackets into the correct form of Simple Past Tense!
    1. We…..in our garden yesterday. (work)
    2. I…….a cake for my mother’s birthday two days ago.(make)
    3. Yoshiko and I ……by telephone yesterday.(talk)
    4. ……the meeting…..about two hours?(last)
    5. Mrs. Jason…….her son a month ago. (visit)
    6. We both…..the movie last night.(like)
    7. …..you…..very well last night?(sleep)
    8. They…..in the lake last week.(swim)
    9. Ms. Burns……to visit us last night.(come)
    10. …..they……us about their plans for the new home?(tell)
    11. The weather was pleasant, so we…..on our front porch.(sit)
    12. I…..your hat and coat in the next room.(put)
    13. The lesson…….at 09.00 last Monday(start)
    14. I ……at home and……several email messages last night.(stay, write)
    15. He…..Angela on the street yesterday.(see)
    16. Kevin…….his lunch in the cafetaria at noon.(have, not)
    17. ……the man……a lot of water after the race?(drink)
    18. I…….John your message.(give)
    19. Mrs. Reese finally……that beautiful house.(buy)
    20. Anne……the president speech on TV last night.(hear, not)
  1. II.    Answer these questions!
    1. What did you do after school yesterday?
    2. What did you get on your birthday last year?
    3. Were you at home last night?
    4. Did you do your homework yesterday?
    5. Where did you spend your last holiday?

 

Pengertian Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi telah selesai pada suatu titik dimasa lalu sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi. Aksi yang telah selesai dimasa lampau itu dapat terjadi berulang kali maupun hanya sekali. Selain itu, past perfect tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk if conditional tipe 3 dan reported speech.

Rumus Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “had”, dan past participle (verb-3). Had digunakan baik untuk singular maupun plural subject. Sedangkan past participle dapat berupa irregular maupun regular verb. Dengan demikian rumus past perfect tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Kalimat Rumus Past Perfect Tense Contoh Past Perfect Tense
positif (+) S + had + Verb-3/past participle My brother had slept
They had come
negatif (-) S + had + not + Verb-3/past participle My brother hadn’t slept
They hadn’t come
interogatif (?) had + S + Verb-3/past participle Had my brother come
Had they come

Contoh Past Perfect Tense

Beberapa contoh kalimat past perfect tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Fungsi

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense untuk mengekspresikan aksi di masa lampau yang telah selesai terjadi sebelum past event lainnya. When he came last night, the cake had run out.
(Ketika dia datang semalam, kue sudah habis.)
The student had gotten a verbal warning before his parents were called.
(Siswa tersebut telah mendapat peringatan verbal sebelum orangtuanya ditelepon.)
I had already had breakfast by the time he picked me up.
(Saya telah sarapan ketika dia menjemput.)
Prior to the proclamation, Indonesia had been colonized by Japan for 3 years.
(Sebelum proklamasi, Indonesia telah dijajah Jepang selama 3 tahun.)
Past perfect tense untuk menunjukkan seberapa sering sesuatu terjadi di masa lampau. I had read the book three times.
(Saya membaca buku itu tiga kali.)
They had met twice before married.
(Mereka bertemu dua kali sebelum menikah.)
Yulia had gone to the gym every two days until 2012.
(Yulia telah pergi ke gym setiap dua hari sampai tahun 2012.)
Past perfect tense digunakan pada reported speech setelah verbs: said, told, asked, thought, wondered. He said that he had listened carefully the instruction.
(Dia mengatakan bahwa dia telah mendengarkan instruksi dengan penuh perhatian.)
I thought he had changed to be better man.
(Saya pikir dia telah berubah menjadi pria yang lebih baik.)
Past perfect tense untuk mengekspresikan harapan/impian yang tidak kesampaian (conditional tipe 3). If he had taken a bath fast, he would have missed the train.
(Jika dia telah mandi cepat, dia tidak akan ketinggalan kereta.)
Rina would been the same level with me if she had studied harder.
(Rina akan berasa pada level yang sama dengan saya jika dia belajar lebih keras.)

Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi terjadi dimasa depan, secara spontan atau terencana. Adapun simple future tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk if conditional tipe 1.

Rumus Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense dibentuk dari modal “will” atau “shall” dan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) atau dibentuk dari auxiliary verb “be” (am, is, are) , present participle “going”, dan infinitive.  Apa itu infinitive? Infinitive merupakan bare infinitive yang diawali atau tanpa diawali ”to”.

Dengan demikian rumus simple future tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Simple Future Tense
positif
(+)
S + will + bare infinitive
S + be(am/is/are) + going + (to) bare infinitive
You will win
They are going to come
negatif
(-)
S + will + not + bare infinitive
S + be(am/is/are) + not + going + (to) bare infinitive
You won’t win
They aren’t going to come
interogatif
(?)
Will + S + bare infinitive
Be(am/is/are) + S + going + (to) bare infinitive ?
Will you win
Are they going to come

Simple Future Tense dan Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense (selain verb “go”) dapat juga digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi di masa depan seperti simple future tense:

I’m presenting the weekly report at today’s meeting.

Selain itu, kombinasi auxiliary will dan be+present participle juga dapat digunakan untuk menghindari nada tidak sabar (impatient) atau mendesak (insistent). Kalimat akan terdengar impatient/insistent jika hanya ada “will” (tanpa be+present participle) karena stress (penekanan) hanya terjadi pada kata tersebut.

When will you present it?

When will you be presenting it?

Contoh Simple Future Tense

Beberapa contoh kalimat simple future tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut.

Fungsi Contoh kalimat Simple Future Tense
Simple future tense (will) untuk membuat keputusan secara spontan untuk melakukan sesuatu (tanpa rencana). Wait a minute. I will change my clothes.
(Tunggu sebentar. Saya akan mengganti baju.)
You look nervous. I’ll give you a glass of water.
(Kamu tampak cemas. Saya akan memberimu segelas air.)
Simple future tense (will) untuk memerediksi masa depan (tanpa rencana). The doom will not happen in 2014.
(Kiamat tidak akan terjadi pada tahun 2014.)
Which hotels do you think will offer the best service?
(Hotel yang mana yang kamu pikir akan menawarkan pelayanan terbaik?)
He’ll angry.
(Dia akan marah.)
The sandstorm will come.
(Badai pasir akan datang.)
I think he will pass.
(Saya pikir dia akan lulus.)
Present continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan arrangement (rencana yang sudah dipikirkan dan dibahas dengan orang lain). I’m visiting South Korea tomorrow.
(Saya akan mengunjungi Korea Selatan besok.)
She’s going to the physiotherapist next monday.
(Dia akan ke fisioterapis senin depan.)
Simple future tense dengan “going+to” untuk menyatakan intention (rencana dimasa depan yang sudah dipikirkan sebelumnya). I’m going to send this letter tomorrow.
(Saya akan mengirimkan surat ini besok.)
He is going to go to French to continue his study.
(Dia akan pergi ke Perancis untuk melanjutkan sekolahnya.)
Simple future tense digunakan untuk membentuk if conditional type 1. I will come if they invite me.
(Saya akan datang jika mereka mengundang saya.)

Pengertian Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja sederhana untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi dimasa lampau. Pada simple past tense, waktu kejadian (yesterday, last two days, last year) atau periode waktunya (for two months, for a day, for an hour) dapat disebutkan secara spesifik. Adapun simple past tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk if conditional tipe 2.

Simple Past Tense menggunakan jenis “TO BE 2” and “VERB 2”

TO BE 2 terdiri dari: was & were (untuk selengkapnya, lihat tabel berikut)

I

Was

You

Were

They

We

He

Was

She

It

I

Did / Didn’t

You

They

We

He

She

It

CATATAN:

DID  digunakan pada kalimat tanya.

DID NOT (DIDN’T)  digunakan pada kalimat negatif.

TO BE 2 (Was & Were) digunakan ketika suatu kalimat tidak ada unsur kata kerja (NON VERB)

VERB 2 hanya digunakan pada kalimat positif saja.

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense dibentuk dari verb-2 (past tense) atau linking verb “be” (was, were). Apa itu verb-2? Verb-2 merupakan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) dengan tambahan -ed-en-d-t-n, atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang tidak konsisten pada irregular verb. [Baca juga: Regular dan Irregular Verb]

  • Rumus simple past tense

Rumus simple past tense ada 2, yaitu rumus simple past tense (verbal) dan (nominal);

  1. Verbal

(+) S + Verb-2 + O + adverb

(- ) S + did + not + Verb-1 + O + adverb

(?) Did + S + Verb-1 + O + adverb ?

  1. Nominal

(+) S + tobe-2 (was/ were) + Complement (adjective/ noun (pronoun)/ adverb )

(- ) S + tobe-2 (was/ were) + not + Complement (adjective/ noun (pronoun)/ adverb )

(?) Tobe-2 (was/ were) + S + Complement (adjective/ noun (pronoun)/ adverb ) ?

Contoh simple past tense verbal dan nominal;

  1. Verbal

(+) The teacher went to the school yesterday

(- ) The teacher did not go to the school yesterday

(?) Did the teacher go to the school yesterday?

Artinya;

(+) Guru itu pergi ke sekolah kemarin

(- ) Guru itu tidak pergi ke sekolah kemarin

(?) Apakah Guru itu pergi ke sekolah kemarin?

  1. Nominal

(+) He was a scholar

(- ) He was not a scholar

(+) Was He a scholar ?

Artinya;

(+) Dia (laki-laki) adalah seorang sarjana

(- ) Dia (laki-laki) adalah bukan seorang sarjana

(+) Apakah Dia (laki-laki) adalah seorang sarjana?

Note;

Was  : I, He, She, dan It.

Were : You, We, They

Time signal simple past tense

  1. Yesterday = kemarin
  2. Yesterday morning = kemarin pagi
  3. Yesterday afternoon = kemarin siang/ sore
  4. Last night = malam lalu
  5. Last sunday = hari minggu yang lalu
  6. Two days ago = 2 hari yang lalu
  7. A week ago = seminggu yang lalu
  8. In 1999 = pada tahun 1999
  9. The day before yesterday = hari sebelum kemarin, dst.

Dengan demikian rumus simple past tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Simple Past Tense
positif
(+)
S + Verb-2 (past tense)
S + be(was/were)
The teacher came
I was a stamp collector
negatif
(-)
S + did + not + bare infinitive
S + be(was/were) + not
The teacher didn’t come
I wasn’t a stamp collector
interogatif
(?)
Did + S + bare infinitive
be(was/were) + S
Did the teacher come
Was I a stamp collector

Contoh Simple Past Tense

Beberapa contoh kalimat simple past tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut.

Fungsi Contoh kalimat Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang terjadi dengan durasi waktu tertentu di masa lampau. For (preposition) dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan periode waktu kejadian. Vina and I went to the Ragunan zoo three months ago.
(Saya dan Vina pergi Ragunan tiga bulan lalu.)
Did he come on time yesterday?
(Apakah dia datang tepat waktu kemarin?)
The party started at 10.00 a.m.
(Pesta mulai jam sepuluh pagi.)
Did you sleep enough last night?
(Apa kamu cukup tidur semalam?)
I studied civil engineering for almost 4 years.
(Saya belajar teknik sipil selama hampir 4 tahun.)
Simple past tense untuk membicarakan kebiasaan pada masa lampau. When (subordinate conjunction) biasanya digunakan pada situasi ini. I often did exercise in the gym when I lived in Bandung.
(Saya sering berlatih di gym ketika tinggal di Bandung.)
When I was a senior high school student, I always got up at 4 am to study.
(Ketika saya sma, saya selalu bangun jam 4 pagi untuk belajar.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung. I was reading a journal in the library when someone burped out loud.
(Saya sedang membaca jurnal di perpustakaan ketika seseorang bersendawa keras.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu aksi (simple past tense) langsung mengikuti aksi yang telah selesai (past perfect tense). I had already finished my breakfast when he picked me up.
(Saya telah sarapan ketika dia menjemput.)
Simple past tense digunakan pada if conditional tipe 2. If she studied hard, she would be pass.
(Jika dia belajar keras, dia akan lulus.)
I would buy a sport car if I had much money.
(Saya akan membeli mobil sport jika punya uang banyak.)

Pengertian Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aksi atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu atau masih berlanjut sampai sekarang.

Rumus Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “have” atau “has”, dan past participle (verb-3). Have digunakan untuk Iyoutheywe, sedangkan has untuk hesheit, dan orang ketiga tunggal. Sedangkan past participle dapat berupa irregular maupun regular verb.

Present Perfect Tense menggunakan jenis “TO BE 3” and “VERB 3”

TO BE 3 adalah: been (untuk selengkapnya, lihat tabel berikut)

I

Been

You

They

We

He

She

It

I

Have

You

They

We

He

She

It

Has

CATATAN:

TO BE 3 (been) digunakan ketika suatu kalimat tidak ada unsur kata kerja (NON VERB).

Untuk semua jenis kalimat, baik positif, negatif, atau kalimat tanya pada Present Perfect Tense menggunakan VERB 3.

Dengan demikian rumus present perfect tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Kalimat Rumus Contoh Present Perfect Tense
positif
(+)
S + aux. verb(have/has) + V-3/past participle I have read
He has left
negatif
(-)
S + aux. verb(have/has) + not + V-3/past participle I have not read
He hasn’t left
interogatif
(?)
aux. verb(have/has) + S + V-3/past participle Have I read
Has he left

  • Rumus simple present perfect tense; 
  1. Rumus Bentuk Verbal Sentence

(+) S + HAVE/HAS + V3 + O + ADV

(- ) S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + V3 + O + ADV

(? ) HAVE/HAS + S + V3 + O + ADV?

Contoh;

(+) She has written a letter since 2 days

(- ) She has not written a letter since 2 days

(?) Has she written letter since 2 days?

  1. Rumus Bentuk Nominal Sentence

(+) S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + COMPLEMENT (ANA)

(+) S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + BEEN + COMPLEMENT (ANA)

(+) HAVE/HAS + S + BEEN + COMPLEMENT (ANA) ?

Contohnya;

(+) They have been here for two hours

(+) They have not been here for two hours

(+) Have they been here for two hours

 

  • Fungsi Present Perfect Tense

Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang baru saja terjadi hingga hasilnya atau akibatnya dari tindakan tersebut masih dapat dilihat hingga saat dibicarakan, contohnya:

She has written a letter.

Artinya: dia sudah menulis surat.

Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang telah selesai pada saat yang tidak tertentu diwaktu lampau, tetapi waktu terjadi peristiwa tersebut tidak dipentingkan. Yang paling penting adalah hasil dari perbuatannya sekarang, contohnya:

She has locked the door, and now we can’t open it.

Artinya: dia sudah mengunci pintu, dan sekarang kita tidak dapat membuka pintunya.

Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang telah terjadi tetapi waktu terjadinya persitiwa tersebut belum selesai, contohnya:

I have written this letter this week.

Artinya: Saya sudah menulis surat ini pada minggu ini (tidak tepat kapan hari/jam pebuatannya).

Menyatakan suatu kegiatan ulangan yang tidak tertentu sebelum sekarang. Pada umunya bentuk kalimat ini sering diikuti oleh before, ever, already, never, yet, contohnya:

I have heard this before.

Artinya: saya sudah mendengar ini sebelumnya.

Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang telah terjadi di masa lampau dan masih terjadi pada saat sekarang dan akan datang, contohnya:

I have been here since yesterday.

Artinya: saya sudah di sini sejak kemarin (dan sampai sekarang masih tetap disini/ di lokasi yg sama).

Menunjukkan suatu kegiatan yang selesai dalam waktu singkat. Pada umumnya digunakan kata-kata at last, finally, just, contohnya:

I have just met him.

Artinya: saya sudah (baru saja) bertemu dia.

Keterangan waktu untuk Present Perfect Tense  yang digunakan adalah:

since yesterday, since two days ago, since last week, for three days, for three weeks, and so on.

Time Signal of present perfect tense;

  • Once = satu kali
  • Twice = dua kali
  • Three times = tiga kali
  • Many times = banyak kali
  • Several times = beberapa kali
  • This week = minggu ini
  • Already = sudah
  • Just = baru saja
  • Not yet = belum
  • As yet = sampai sekarang
  • So far = hingga sekarang
  • Up to the present time = hingga sekarang
  • Lately = akhir-akhir ini
  • Lecently = baru-baru ini

DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

Pengertian

Descriptive Text merupakan jenis teks yang banyak digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dalam menggambarkan benda, tempat, manusia, hewan dan lain sebagainya. Descriptive Text adalah sebuah teks bahasa Inggris untuk mengggmbarkan seperti apa benda atau mahluk hidup yang kita deskripsikan, baik secara kenampakan, bau, suara, atau tekstur dari benda atau makhluk hidup tersebut.

Tujuan Komunikatif Descriptive Text

Tujan Komunikatif dari Descriptive Text adalah untuk menggambarkan dan mengungkapkan ciri-ciri dari benda, tempat, atau mahluk tertentu secara umum, tenpa adanya riset atau peneilitan secara mendalam dan menyuluruh.

 Generic Structure

Di setiap Descriptive Text terdapat dua bagian yang menjadi ciri dari Descriptive Text itu sendiri. Kedua bagian tersebut adalah:

  • Identification 
    Idnetification adalah bagian dari Descriptive Text yang berisi tentang topik atau “apa” yang akan digambarkan atau dideskripsikan.
  • Description 
    Description adalah bagian terakhir dari Descriptive Text yang berisi tentang pembahasan atau penggambaran tentang topik atau “apa” yang ada di Identification mengenai kenampakan fisik, kualitas, perilaku umum maupun sifat-sifatnya.

Ciri Kebahasan Descriptive Text

  • Descriptive Text menggunakan Present Tense, misalnya: go, eat, fly, etc.
  • Descriptive Text menggunakan berbagaimacam Adjectives (kata sifat) yang bersifat Describing (mengambarkan), Numbering (Menomerkan), dan Classifying (mengklasifikasikan), misalnya: two strong legs, sharp white fangs, etc.
  • Descriptive Text menggunakan Relating Verbs untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya: my mum is realy cool, it has very thick fur, etc.
  • Descriptive Text menggunakan Thinking Verbs (kata kerja berfikir, seperti belive, think, etc.) dan Feeling Verbs (kata kerja perasa, seperti feel)untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis tentang subjek, misalnya: police believe the suspect is armed, I think it is a clever animal, etc.
  • Descriptive Text juga menggunakan Adverbs (kata keterangan) untuk memberikan informasi tambahan mengenai perilaku atau sifat (Adjective) yang dijelaskan, misalnya: it is extremely high, it runs definitely past, etc.

Contoh Descriptive Text:

MOTHER

My mother is a beautiful person. She is not tall but not short, and she has curly hair and brown. Her eyes color are like honey and her color skin color light brown, and she has a beautiful smile. Her weight likes 120 lbs.

She is a very kind person. She is very lovely, friendly, patient, and she loves to help people. I love my mom, because she is a good example to me. She loves being in the Church, and she loves sing and dance too.

She is a very good child, wife and mother. She always takes care of her family. She likes her house to be clean and organized. She a very organized person, and all things in the house are in the right place. She doesn’t like messes.

She always has a smile on her face. She is so sweet and lovely. I like when I am going to sleep or went I wake up or when I am going to go to some places, she always give me a kiss, and when the family have a problem she always be with us to helps us and to give us all her love.

PANDA

Have you ever wathc the cartoon movie “Kung fu Panda“?  But the Panda that would be described below is not the Panda who can do Kung fu like in that movie. Pada is the icon of the Chinese country becasue its unik. Here are the desciption about Panda.

Giant pandas are bear-like in shape with striking black and white markings. The “Giant” Pandas are hardly “Giants”. It would take about forty (40) giant pandas to weigh as much as one elephant. Adult giant pandas have a length of 160 to 180 centimeters (5 1/4 to 6 feet). The weight of an adult male giant panda is normally between 80 and 125 kilograms (176 and 276 pounds) with males typically weighing about 10% to 20% more than females — about the same size as theAmerican black bear. However, unlike the black bear, giant pandas do not hibernate and cannot walk on their hind legs.Giant panda bears have a massive head, heavy body, short tail (approximately 5 inches), rounded ears and plantigrade feet (i.e., both heel and toe make contact with the ground when walking in a manner similar to humans).

The throat of the giant panda has an esophagus with a tough, horny lining to protect the bear from injury by bamboo splinters. The stomach is similarly protected with its thick muscular wall linings.Giant pandas have forepaws which are extremely flexible. They have an enlarged wrist bone (the radial sesamoid) that works in the manner of an opposable thumb. This highly functional thumb allows the panda to manipulate bamboo stems and leaves, with dexterity and precision. The hind feet of the giant panda lacks the heel pad found in the other seven bear species.

The basic fur color of the giant panda is white with black eye patches, ears, legs, feet, chest, and shoulders. White areas are different shades of white from pure white to orangish or a light brown. Within its natural environment (the deep forest and, at upper elevations, snow androck), its mottled coloringprovides camouflage. There is also speculation that its striking color pattern may be a clear message to other pandas to stay away since the giant panda is an extremely solitary animal.The fur of the giant panda is thick and coarse. It consists of a coarse outer layer and a very dense, wooly-like underfur. To the touch, the fur feels oily. This oily protective coating helps protects pandas from the cool and damp climate in which the bear lives.

Giant pandas generally move in a slow, determined manner. When startled, they will move at a slow trot to escape danger. Giant pandas, with their sharp claws, are capable of climbing trees very easily. Giant panda cubs are born weighing 3 to 5 ounces or about 4-5 grams each (1/900th of the mother’s weight) The cubs are born blind and hairless. At about 10 days the skin where the black hair will eventually grow turns gray.

ANNOUNCEMENT

Pengertian Announcement

Announcement berasal dari kata announce; dalam bahasa Inggris kata kerja announce bermakna “make a formal public declaration about a fact, occurrence, or intention. Jadi bisa dikatakan “announcement” bermakna pemberitahuan fakta, kejadian atau niat, baik tertulis atau terucap yang disampaikan kepada publik.

Untuk lebih jelasnya, mari kita lihat beberapa contoh announcement text berikut ini :

Contoh Announcement – Pengumuman Lomba Sekolah

English Speech Contest

For all students of SMAN Englishindo, we announce English Speech Contest..

Time : Saturday, 22 March 2012

Place : Hall of SMAN Englishindo

Each class should register at least one student with one of these following topics :

  • The Advantage of Learning English
  • The Difficulties of Learning English
  • The Effective Ways of Learning English

For further information, visit the committee of this English Speech Contest in ENGLISHINDO.COM

Contoh Announcement – Pengumuman Beasiswa

SMAN Englishindo gives a scholarship for 100 students of Junior High School. The following requirements should be noticed :

– High interest in English and Maths

– Certified for IT course, including Office, Photoshop, Coreldraw, Autocad.

It is also allowed for Headmaster of the school to give recommendation letter to make the grantee accepted.

For further details, visit our blogsite at Englishindo.com

Contoh Announcement – Pengumuman Reuni Sekolah

SMAN Englishindo will be having a Grand Alumni Homecoming on December 7, 2012 at 2:00 pm at Gajah Mungkur Hotel and Restaurant as the celebration of 10th Foundation Anniversary of SMAN Englishindo.

On this regard, we are cordially inviting you to attend the said affair to meet your old friends, classmates, acquaintances and teachers, reminiscing memorable experiences and sharing stories of success and most specially to renew our commitment to the noble ideals of our beloved Alma Mater.

The registration charges are Rp. 250.000,- per person payable at the venue. These charges include Alumni T-shirt, Alumni ID, Alumni souvenir, dinner, live band and raffle draws.

For further inquiries, please contact our Alumni Secretariat at (021) 237-2383 or text us at 08173445631. We look forward to your presence in this once a year celebration.

Contoh Announcement – Pengumuman Pergantian Nama Perusahaan

  1. ENGLISHINDO

is now called

  1. JAVENGLISHINDO

…and I bet you can guess why!

We produce the best spoken English Indonesian software in the region, and now we’ve built our own English – Javanese Dictionary for your PC and even watch. Is it amazing?

That means you can use our free English – Javanese Dictionary for your Pocket Compter, Notebook, Ipad, and your watch. Just Free to use for 30 days our dictionary. For further information, just visit our simple blogsite at Englishindo.com

 

TEKS NARRATIVE

Pernahkah anda mendengar cerita legenda ataupun cerita khayalan seperti Snow White, Ciderella dan lainnya? jika sudah pernah berarti anda juga sudah pernah membaca  . Namun kali ini saya akan membagikan pengertiannya saja tak sampai dengan contoh dari Narrative .

Biasanya Narrative berbentuk cerita legenda, dongeng bahkan fabel serta berupa cerita fiksi (khayalan).Pada umumnya memang narative text menjurus pada cerita lampau yang sudah terjadi dan biasanya menggunakan awalan kata Once upon a time.

Narrative text dapat disimpulkan bahwa Narrative text adalah text yang berisi cerita baik tertulis maupun tidak tertulis dan terdapat rangkaian peristiwa yang salaing terhubung. Narrative text atau teks narative biasanya berisi cerita fiktif, dongeng, fabel, mitos, dll.

Tujuan Narrative Text

Disebutkan bahwa Narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people (text narasi adalah cerita text imajinatif yang bertujuan untuk menghibur orang) atau biasanya bisa dibilang Narrative text bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the reader).

Generic Structure dari Narative text

  • Orientationit is about the opening paragraph where the character  of the story are introduce. (Berisi pen.genalan tokoh , tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita siapa atau apa kapan dan dimana)
  • Complication : Where tre problem in the story developed (ketika permasalahan muncul/mulai terjadi dan berkembang).
  • Resolution : Where the problem in the story solved (Ketika permasalahan selesai baik happy ending maupun bad ending).

Biasanya Narative text menggunakan tenses :

  1. Past perfect
  2. Past Continous
  3. Past perfect Continous

 

Ciri Kebahasan Narrative Text

Pada Narrative Text, terdapat beberapa ciri-ciri antara lain sebagai berikut :

  • Mengunakan Action Verb dalam bentuk Past Tense. Misalnya : Climbed, Turned, Brought, dsb.
  • Menggunakan Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan dan benda tertentu dalam cerita. Misalnya : the king, the queen, dsb.
  • Menggunakan Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase. Misalnya : long black hair, two red apples, dsb.
  • Menggunakan Time Connectives dan Conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian-kejadian. Misalnya : then, before, after, soon, dsb.
  • Menggunakan Adverbs dan Adverbial Phrase untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian.

 

Ciri-ciri narrative text:

Dari sudut pandang fitur bahasa, teks naratif memiliki ciri khas antara lain sebagai berikut:

  1. Partisipan yang specific dan sering individual
  2. Banyak action verbs ( material processes), dan ada juga yang menggunakan verbal and mental processes.
  3. Biasanya menggunakan Past tense.
  4. Banyak menggunakan lingking Words yang berkenaan dengan waktu.
  5. Sering memasukkan dialog, dan tense akan mungkin berubah.
  6. Descriptive language digunakan untuk menciptkan imaji dibenak pembaca.
  7. Dapat ditulis sebagai orang pertama (1), atau ketiga ( he, she, they ).

Contoh Text Narrative

Story of Rabbit and Bear

Once upon a time, there lived as neighbours, a bear and a rabbit. The rabbit is a good shot. In contrary, the bear is always clumsy ad could not use the arrow to good advantage.

One day, the bear called over the rabbit and asked the rabbit to take his bow and arrows and came with bear to the other side of the hill. The rabbit was fearing to arouse the bear’s anger so he could not refuse it. He consented and went with the bear and shot enough buffalo to satisfy the hungry family. Indeed he shot and killed so many that there was lots of meat left after the bear and his family had loaded themselves and packed all they could carry home.

The bear was very gluttonous and did not want the rabbit to get any of the meat. Th e rabbit could not even taste the blood from the butchering as the bear would throw earth on the blood and dry it up. The poor rabbit would have to go home hungry after his hard day’s work.

The bear was the father of five children. The youngest child was very kind to the rabbit. He was very hearty eater. The mother bear always gave him an extra large piece of meat but the youngest child did not eat it. He would take it outside with him and pretended to play ball with the meat. He kicked toward the rabbit’s house and when he got close to the door he would give the meat with such a great kick. The meat would fly into the rabbit’s house. In this way, the poor rabbit would get his meal unknown to the papa bear.

 

CINDERELLA

Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters.

The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family. The two step sisters, on the other hand, did not work about the house. Their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.

One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the king’s son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.

“Why are crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her, “because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well” said the godmother,”you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.

Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s raged dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now, Cinderella”, she said; “You must leave before midnight”. Then away she drove in her beautiful coach.

Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’s son. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind.

A few days later, the king’ son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.

Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.

Queen of Arabia and Three Sheiks

Maura, who like to be thought of as the most beautiful and powerful queen of Arabia, had many suitors. One by one she discarded them, until her list was reduced to just three sheiks. The three sheiks were all equally young and handsome. They were also rich and strong. It was very hard to decide who would be the best of them.

One evening, Maura disguised herself and went to the camp of the three sheiks. As they were about to have dinner, Maura asked them for something to eat. The first gave her some left over food. The second Sheik gave her some unappetizing camel’s tail. The third sheik, who was called Hakim, offered her some of the most tender and tasty meat. After dinner, the disguised queen left the sheik’s camp.

The following day, the queen invited the three sheiks to dinner at her palace. She ordered her servant to give each one exactly what they had given her the evening before. Hakim, who received a plate of delicious meat, refused to eat it if the other two sheiks could not share it with him.

This Sheik Hakim’s act finally convinced Queen Maura that he was the man for her. “Without question, Hakim is the most generous of you” she announced her choice to the sheiks. “So it is Hakim I will marry”.

TEKS RECOUNT

Pengertian Recount Text

Recount Text adalah salah satu dari jenis teks bahasa Inggris yang menceritakan kembali kejadian-kejadian atau pengalaman-pengalaman di masa lampau. Tujuan dari Recount Text adalah untuk memberikan informasi atau untuk menghibur pembaca. Di dalam Recount Text tidak terdapat komplikasi (Complication) seperti halnya di Narrative Text.

 Tujuan Komunikatif Teks Recount

Tujuan komunikatif Recount Text seperti penjelasan di atas adalah untuk melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan dengan tujuan memberitakan atau menghibur tentunya tanpa ada konflik di dalam cerita tersebut.

Generic Structure dari Recount Text

Generic structure (susunan umum) recount text ini terdiri dari:

  • Orientation tells who was involved, what happened, where the events took place, and when it happened. (“Orientation” menceritakan siapa saja yang terlibat dalam cerita, apa yang terjadi, di mana tempat peristiwa terjadi, dan kapan terjadi peristiwanya)
  • Events tell what happened and in what sequence. (“Event” menceritakan apa yang terjadi (lagi) dan menceritakan urutan ceritanya)
  • Reorientation consists of optional-closure of events/ending. (“Reorientation” berisi penutup cerita / akhir cerita).

 Ciri Kebahasaan Recount Text

Terdapat beberapa ciri-ciri kebahasaan yang mungkin akan teman-teman temukan ketika membaca sebuah Recount Text. Ciri-ciri kebahasaan dari Recount Text tersebut adalah:

  • Menggunakan Past Tense. Misalkan we went to zoo, I was happy, etc.
  • Menggunakan Conjunction dan Time Connectives untuk mengurutkan peristiwa atau kejadian. Misalnya and, but, the, aftar that, etc.
  • Menggunakan Adverbs dan Adverbial Phrase untuk mengungkapkan tempat, waktu dan cara. Misalkan yesterday, at my house, slowly, etc.
  • Menggunakan Action Verbs. Misalkan went, slept, run, brought, etc.

Contoh Recount :

Our trip to the Blue Mountain

Orientation

On Friday we went to the Blue Mountains. We stayed at David and Della’s house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and a tennis court.

(Pada hari jumat kami pergi ke Blue Mountains. Kami menginap di rumah David dan Della. Rumah tersebut mempunyai sebuah taman yang besar dengan banyak bunga warna warni dan sebuah lapangan tenis.)

Events

On Saturday we saw the Three Sisters and went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Della. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats. On Sunday we went on the Scenic Skyway and it rocked. We saw cockatoos having a shower.

(Pada hari sabtu kami melihat Three Sister dan pergi ke pemandangan jalan kereta api yang indah. Sangat menakutkan. Kemudian ibu dan saya pergi berbelanja dengan Della. Kita pergi ke toko-toko antik dan mencoba mendapatkan beberapa topi tua. Pada hari minggu kami pergi ke pemandangan Skyway dan berbatu. Kami melihat burung kakatua sedang mandi.)

Reorientation

In the afternoon we went home. That was very pleasent moment with my family that I ever got.(Di sore hari kami pulang ke rumah. Itu merupakan momen paling menyenangkan bersama keluarga yang saya pernah dapatkan. )

Contoh Recount Text (1)

My Adolescence
I had my adolescence when I was thirteen.

It started with acne that showed up on my face. It was very annoying. It lowered my

self-esteem and I was embarrassed to come out of my house and play with friends.

Fortunately, my Mum gave me a good medicine. In three weeks, the acnes started to vanish although those showed some black spots in my face.
That was my bad experience with adolescence, though there were still lots of good

experience too.

Analisa :

Orientation : Paragraf pertama, (I had my adolescence when I was thirteen)

Events : Paragraf kedua dan ketiga.

Reorientation : Paragraf keempat (terakhir)


Contoh Recount Text (2) – Liburan

My Holiday in Bali

When I was 2nd grade of senior high school, my friends and I went to Bali. We were there for three days. I had many impressive experiences during the vacation.

First day, we visited Sanur Beach in the morning. We saw the beautiful sunrise together. It was a great scenery. Then, we checked in to the hotel. After prepared our selves, we went to Tanah Lot. We met so many other tourists there. They were not only domestic but also foreign tourists.

Second day, we enjoyed the day on Tanjung Benoa beach. We played so many water sports such as banana boat, jetsky, speedboat etc. We also went to Penyu island to see many unique animals. They were turtles, snakes, and sea birds. We were very happy. In the afternoon, we went to Kuta Beach to see the amazing sunset and enjoyed the beautiful wave.

The last day, we spent our time in Sangeh. We could enjoy the green and shady forest. There were so many monkies. They were so tame but sometimes they could be naughty. We could make a close interaction with them. After that, we went to Sukowati market for shopping. That was my lovely time. I bought some Bali T-Shirt and souvenirs.

In the evening, we had to check out from the hotel. We went back home bringing so many amazing memories of Bali.


Contoh Recount Text (3) – Liburan

A Beautiful Day at Jogja

Last week, my friends and I went to Jogja. We visited many places.

First, we visited Parangtritis beach. The sun shone brightly and the scenery was very beautiful there. We felt the wind blew across to us. We also saw a lot of people in that beach. There werw many birds flew in the sky. Also, there were many sellers who sold many kinds of souvenirs. Second, we visited Gembira Loka Zoo. We saw many kinds of animals there such as monkeys, tigers, crocodiles, snakes, etc. We looked around in that Zoo, and also took pictures of those animals. Then, we felt hungry, so we went to a restaurant. As soon as we finished our lunc, we decided to go home.

For me, that was a beautiful day. we really enjoyed it, and I hope I could visit Jogja again.

Contoh Recount Text (4) – Pengalaman

My First Experience to Ride Motorcycle

One day, when I was ten years old, my father bought an old motorcycle. That was ” Honda 75″. I think it was small light object and easy to ride it. I persuaded my father to teach me to ride ” Honda 75 “. Firstly, my father refused my request and promised that he would teach me two or three years later, but I still whimpered. Finally, my father surrendered and promised to teach me.

He began to teach me riding the motorcycle around a field in my village. My father was very patient to give me some directions. I was very happy when I realized my ability to ride a motorcycle. ” Yes, I can “.

One day later, when I was alone at home, I intended to try my riding ability. So, myself tried bravely. All ran fluently in the beginning, but when I was going back to my home and I must passed through a narrow slippery street, I got nervous. I lost my control and I fell to the ditch.

After that, I told my father about the last accident. I imagined my father would be angry and never let me ride again. But the reality is exactly on the contrary, my father was very proud of me. He just gave me some advices and since that accident, I got my father’s permission to ride motorcycle.

Contoh Recount Text (5) – Diary

A Page from A Girl’s Diary

It was takbiran night. It was also my birthday, and nothing happened. Or I had thought nothing would happen, but I was wrong.

That night, I was watching television with my family when I heard someone lit fireworks in my front yard. I peeped trough my window glass but could see nothing. It was very dark outside. Then I thought it had to be my cousins who lit the fireworks. Then I plopped down on my sofa again and tried to concentrate on the television since my mind raced with disappointment that no one gave something special on my birthday. I shrugged, it was almost the end of the day and I became pessimist. Five minutes later my mobile beeped. It was a text from my friend asking me to come out. Wondering what was going on, I grabbed my jacket and hurried to the front door. I was surprised to see her bring a bag full of firework and fire drills. Next I was surprised to see my other friend come out from the darkness. She brought a beautiful birthday cake on her hands. Oh my God! I shrieked. Then they gave the cake to me who was too stunned to say anything. I realized I was blushing furiously because my whole family was watching. Not to mention my neighbors too!

A plain day, or I thought it was before, turned out to be one of the greatest moment in my life. I didn’t even know how to describe what I felt. Happy was the simplest word.

 

CONTOH SOAL.

A KING AND TWO SERVANTS

Once there was a king who had two servants who worked so well and so honestly that he madethem captains in his army. The day after they had become captains, the king saw them and said, “Why doyou think you become captains?”The first captain answered, it is because I am a lucky man”. But the second said, “It is becauseyou are kind and generous.”The king said that he liked both the captain’s answer. “To show you that I am pleased with you, Iam to give each of you a present,” he said. “Both presents have the same value, and both are from myown gardens.” He then gave the first captain a coconut, and the second captain a bunch of ripe bananas.

But when he gave the bananas to the second captain, he secretly took a very valuable ring off his finger and pushed it into one of the bananas.While two captains were walking home, the second captain told the first that his wife did not like bananas, asked him whether he was willing to give him the coconut and take the bananas.

The first captain knew that his own wife did not like bananas either, but as he was an unselfishman, he said that he would do as the second captain wanted because he was friend.The second captain knew that his own wife did not like bananas, but as he was unselfish man, hesaid that he would give the bananas to the first captain.That evening, the first captain began to eat the bananas and found the ring in them.

At once, hehurried to the king with it. When the king saw it and heard what had happened, he sent for the secondcaptain and said to him, “I wanted to give you the ring because you said that I was kind and generous, butit seems that your friend really is a lucky man, as he said!”

Answer the question bellow based on the text!

a.Why did the second captain not want to eat the bananas?

b.What did the king want to do because he liked both captain?

c.In which paragraph did you find the conflict?

d.What moral lesson you can get from this text?

JASON MRAZ – LUCKY

O you hear me? I‘m talking to you
Apakah kau mendengarku? Aku sedang bicara padamu

Across the water across the deep blue ocean
Dari seberang perairan, seberang samudra biru yang dalam

Under the open sky, oh my, baby I’m trying
Di bawah langit terbuka, kasih aku sedang berusaha


Boy I hear you in my dreams
Kudengar kau dalam mimpi-mimpiku

I feel your whisper across the sea
Kurasakan bisikmu dari seberang lautan

I keep you with me in my heart
Kusimpan kau di hatiku

You make it easier when life gets hard
Saat hidup terasa sulit, kau menjadikannya mudah


CHORUS 1
I’m lucky I’m in love with my best friend
Beruntungnya aku jatuh cinta pada sahabatku

Lucky to have been where I have been
Beruntung berada di tempatku berada

Lucky to be coming home again
Beruntung kan bisa kembali pulang lagi

Ooh ooh ooh

They don’t know how long it takes
Mereka tak tahu lamanya waktu yang kita jalani

Waiting for a love like this
Tuk menanti cinta yang seperti ini

Every time we say goodbye
Tiap kali kita ucap selamat tinggal

I wish we had one more kiss
Aku berharap kita bisa berciuman sekali lagi

I’ll wait for you I promise you, I will
Kan kutunggu dirimu, janji, kan kulakukan

CHORUS 1
CHORUS 2
Lucky we’re in love in every way
Beruntung kita jatuh cinta dalam segalanya

Lucky to have stayed where we have stayed
Beruntung kita tinggal di tempat ini

Lucky to be coming home someday
Beruntung kan bisa pulang, suatu hari nanti

And so I’m sailing through the sea
Maka aku pun berlayar lewati lautan

To an island where we’ll meet
Ke sebuah pulau tempat kita kan bertemu

You’ll hear the music fill the air
Kau kan mendengar musik penuhi udara

I’ll put a flower in your hair
Kan kutaruh bunga di rambutmu

Though the breezes through trees
Lewat hembus angin, lewat pepohonan

Move so pretty you’re all I see
Bergerak begitu indah, hanya kau yang kulihat

As the world keeps spinning ’round
Saat dunia terus berputar

You hold me right here, right now
Kau dekap aku di sini, saat ini

I Wish I Had Her Life- Jennifer Waris and Tiffany Giardina

Look at her in the spotlight

Lihatlah dia dalam sorotan
I love her purple hair

Saya suka rambut ungunya
She can do what she wants to

Dia bisa melakukan apa yang dia ingin
As crazy as she dares

Segila dia berani
She doesn’t need to be polite

Dia tidak perlu bersikap sopan

I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
Then I would be so free

Lalu aku akan begitu bebas
I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
I’d be another me

Aku akan menjadi lain saya

Look at her in the throne room

Lihatlah dia di ruang takhta
She has tea in the morning

Dia memiliki teh di pagi hari
And bonbons every night

Dan bonbons setiap malam
Wouldn’t that be nice

Bukankah itu bagus

I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
Then I would be so free
Lalu aku akan begitu bebas

I wish I had her life
Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya

I’d be another me
Aku akan menjadi lain saya
They’d do my nails
Mereka akan melakukan kuku

I’d stroll the grounds

Aku akan berjalan dengan alasan
I would wear whatever

Aku akan memakai apa pun
And then I’d rock
Dan kemudian aku batu

Have time for me

Punya waktu untuk saya
It just might happen

Itu hanya mungkin terjadi
Never
tak pernah

I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya

Then I would be so free

Lalu aku akan begitu bebas
And everything would suddenly

Dan semuanya akan tiba-tiba
Be just the way that I dreamed it could be

Hanya cara yang saya impikan itu bisa
I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
I wish I had her life
Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya
Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh  Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh

So beautiful and bright

Begitu indah dan cerah
I wish I had her life

Aku berharap aku punya hidupnya

 

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